Chùa Trấn Quốc (or Tran Quoc Pagoda) is located beside the dazzling West Lake, on Thanh Nien Road, Hanoi. Particularly, it is seated on an island linked by a bridge to the causeway between the two most romantic lakes of Hanoi: West Lake and Truc Bach Lake.
The construction of the pagoda started in 541 and was completed in 545 under the reign of King Ly Nam De (544-548) under its original name of Khai Quoc (National Founder). It was initially built on the bank of the Red River (then West Lake and the Red River met).
Until the early 17th century, under the reign of King Le Kinh Tong (1600-1618), the pagoda was moved to the Kim Ngu (Golden Fish) Islet due to the river bank crumbling and was renamed Tran Quoc (National Defence).
A cultural symbol of Vietnamese Buddhism – intricate architecture
You might ask yourself why among a number of beautiful pagodas in Hanoi, Tran Quoc should be visited. The reason derives from the fact that it is considered a cultural symbol of Vietnamese Buddhism partly for it is the oldest pagoda and situated in the center of the capital of Vietnam. More importantly, unlike other ordinary pagodas, Tran Quoc Pagoda was built in a very intricate way. Behind the worshipping shrine is the Buddhist trinity followed by corridors, ten shrines and the belfry. Inside the pagoda, there are many valuable statues, such as the red lac statue trimmed with gold of Sakyamouni Buddha's Parinirvana, which is a masterpiece of Vietnamese sculptural art, and lots of ancient stele, one of which was made in 1639 by Doctoral lau- Nguyen Xuan Chinh, recording the Pagoda's history.
No one who has visited this significant pagoda of Hanoi does not take interest in its special and intricate style of architecture dated centuries ago. Please come here to feel it yourself!
A nice tranquil backdrop
It must be said that the island and pagoda provide a beautiful backdrop, particularly when viewed at sunset. Standing at one end of Thanh Nien Road, one can see the towers of the pagoda rising above the lake’s surface. In the pagoda’s garden stands a Bồ Đề (Bodhi) tree, which is attached to a past story. The story tells that in 1959, on his visit to Vietnam, Indian Prime Minister Razendia Prasat offered the Pagoda a bodhi tree as a gift. The plant was grafted from the holy bodhi tree where Sakyamuni sat in zen (meditation) position and achieved enlightenment in India 25 centuries ago. Now the bodhi tree is easily recognizable from its heart-shaped leaves, taken from a cutting of its original tree. Today, the tree green and luxuriant, shading over part of the pagoda's yard.
These days, Tran Quoc Pagoda, as a religious relic with a spectacular surrounding scenery, is a favourite stop-over of so many foreign visitors and pilgrims.
Note: The pagoda is open daily and visitors must be decently attired, long trousers are required for men.
Visiting Tran Quoc pagoda can give visitors an insight in the religion life and culture of Vietnamese people. There is no entrance fee for visiting the place, therefore visitors can easily come visit anytime during the day until late in the afternoon. For Hanoi day tours that include Tran Quoc pagoda as a stop, tourists can take a look at Tran Quoc pagoda tour or this tour at: cityinsight.vn/legendary-hanoi-city-tour.html - both are provided by CityInsight.vn - a trusted tour provider for Vietnam day tours and Vietnam culture tours.
More Tourist Attractions In Hanoi:
- Hanoi – the antique & dynamic capital of Vietnam
- Ho Chi Minh complex, the heart of Vietnamese people
- Ho Hoan Kiem (Ho Guom) - Lake of the Restored Sword
- Temple of Literature (Van Mieu-Quoc Tu Giam)
- Tran Quoc Pagoda
- One-Pillar Pagoda (Chùa Một Cột)
- Hanoi’s Old Quarter
- Bat Trang Ceramic Village
- Van Phuc Silk Village
- Vietnam Ethnology Museum
- Vietnam Military History Museum